Most Common Skin Disorders – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Most Common Skin Disorders – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

What are skin diseases? 

Symptoms of skin diseases such as a bump, a rash, a dry patch can certainly be worrisome. Rather, in certain situations they can even be responsible for induced anxiety. Even though many of the signs and symptoms are purely harmless but a few of them can result in warning signs of aggravated medical concerns. This blog might help you to have an overall picture of skin conditions and symptoms to decode your condition.

Even though this blog gives you a general approach on skin conditions, however a doctor’s opinion is a must in situations of concern. Further, it is worth mentioning that certain skin conditions can also be warning signs for worse situations which might result in permanent scarring if neglected.

Acne: This is the most common skin condition in India, affecting a high percentage of population, mostly those in teens and 20s. However, it is worth noting that acne does not mandatorily stop after puberty ends. A small fraction of adults also face acne, further pregnant women also experience acne due to hormonal changes. With prolonged period acne can become difficult to treat, hence consulting a dermatologist is the right choice to make. Various types of treatments are available today according to your customised specific symptoms.

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Atopic Dermatitis: This is also a common type of Eczema which is considered to be a kind of allergy reaction. The reasons causing this condition are still unknown, however it is quite certain that the condition runs in families which have allergies such as hay fever, asthma, etc. This condition can be identified by looking at certain features associated with it. The treatment of atopic dermatitis can be done by following measures for basic eczema skin care with topical or oral.

Bacterial Infections of the Skin: This condition can vary from being quite mild to as bad as life-threatening. Awareness regarding these infections is a must as we often avoid certain signs initially. Better hand washing techniques and timely medical treatment is essential for the treatment of such infections. Most of such infections are caused due to staphylococcus aureus or streptococcus.

Impetigo is also a common contagious bacterial infection occurring in young children, wherein the initial signs might look alike of chickenpox with pus filled sores. 

Folliculitis is also an infection originating in the hair follicles.  This generally occurs after being in a hot tub for a prolonged period, etc. 

Boils, also called as furuncles or carbuncles based on their size begin in hair follicles and if they don’t drain on itself, it may need a consultation with your physician to perform an incision or drainage.

Cellulitis occurs in the deep layer of skin, when caused in people with compromised immune systems may become a serious problem.


Dermatitis: When doctors say you have dermatitis, what it implies in simple words is inflammation of the skin. However, some more specific conditions in dermatitis are as follows:

Contact dermatitis is something mostly we all experience, it refers to redness or rash on skin in response to reaction of specific substance. Strong acids or bases in the lotions that are used for dermatitis are also responsible for causing irritant contact dermatitis.

Seborrheic dermatitis means dryness and scaliness of the skin.

Diaper dermatitis is most commonly known as diaper rash.

Stasis dermatitis is when reddish blue rash is seen on the lower legs of those who have severe varicose veins and face swelling of their ankles.


Herpes Simplex Virus Infections: Herpes simplex virus 1(HSV-1) and Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) are the two kinds of herpes. The former causes cold sores and later genital sores with some overlaps. HSV-1 is a common issue, but for those with poor immune system it might become a serious condition

Chickenpox Virus and Shingles: Varicella-zoster virus (VZV), the virus responsible for chickenpox is also one causing herpes. Those who experienced chickenpox are always staged to the risk of developing shingles. Shingles causes pain before a rash appears with intense pain. However, treatments with antivirals on developing a rash can reduce the pain.

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